Polls conducted through a personal interview with the respondent, where the survey questions are completed by the researcher raises questions on the respondent and fulfilling answers to the questions on a paper form or enter them to a computer or electronic device palms.
field surveys obtains direct contact with the respondent, that allow the use of long-form form compared to other data collection methods . Also respondent is being interviewed in his environment which helps to get answers more credibility and creates a kind of intimacy to get answers from the respondent a better form where the data is collected by fieldwork teams, each consists of a field supervisor, field references and a number of researchers. It is important that there be consistency between the number of researchers involved in the data collection process and the length of time planned for end of field work.
field surveys is used in the long-term issues or in the study of phenomena and data that do not change quickly or random collection, and fit in the poll for an emergency or sudden events. And field surveys consist of several stages before reaching El final results until they are sure of the accuracy of the data collected:
• Field Audits:
An effective mean to reduce data errors is an application review system of the questionnaire in the field, in conditions typically allow full review, but can be simply a quick review to make sure not to overlook the part of the form in a way wrong and make sure researchers went or to sample selected households.
• Quality control:
to Achieve quality condition during data collection is a matter of fundamental reflected positively or negatively on the decision-making process. organizers of the survey must be aware of obtaining a high level of quality - with the consequent cost and effort is non-negotiable issue and that good surveys always remain an inexhaustible source of information that the enhancement of human knowledge. Based on this any survey must include the appropriate mechanisms that allow maintaining the level of data quality.
• Desk review:
After the data collection process is completed , all data is reviewed on a desk to make sure there are no errors in the transfer (or referrals) or errors in the data interpolation should . Also review the internal consistency of the questionnaire data and make sure that there are no contradictions between the various responses.
• Coding of process data:
It is identification codes process of associated answers to each question. For the open questions response are uploaded and categorized into homogeneous groups and given a sample (or code) for each response, it is better that the one of the experts is reviewing the consistency of coding and classification review of responses.
• Data entry process:
It is the process of creating an electronic file to collect the raw data for all the forms properly to conduct statistical analysis. Which is questionnaires reviewed in the field, in parallel with the control of the data collection process in real time to achieve a high level of quality. Followed by a desk review to make sure there are no errors in the transfer or errors in the data interpolation, Also review the internal consistency of the questionnaire data and make sure that there are no contradictions between the various responses.
Of the most important surveys and field conducted by Baseera suvrey "the aspirations of women after the revolution of January 25," in partnership with the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the empowerment of women, "UN Women" to conduct a survey on women aspirations after the revolution of January 25 the survey was conducted in 9 governorates in addition to a range of focus group discussions in order to formulate policies that will improve the status of women in Egypt and achieve Ambitions.
The objective of the survey was to study the status of Egyptian women and their needs, services provided to them, the gap between them, in addition to the aspirations after the revolution of January 25.